Citrine is a popular gem, often purchased in an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange. Iron is responsible for its yellow-to-orange color. Citrine is also known to remain relatively affordable, even with its larger sizes and finer gems. Along with topaz, citrine is a birthstone for November and the gem for the 13th and 23rd anniversaries.
Historically one of the most valuable and luxurious gems, Amethyst is much more affordable today at no sacrifice to its beauty. Because of its purplish color, the gem has always symbolized royalty and luxury. Interestingly, ancient Greeks connected its color to wine and believed that wearing it prevented drunkenness. Amethyst is a birthstone for February and the gem for the 6th anniversary.
Topaz comes from the word topas or topaz meaning fire in Sanskrit, an ancient Indian language. Throughout civilization, the gem has symbolized strength, a long life, beauty, intelligence, and much more. Different elements and imperfections at the atomic level cause topaz to form in various colors. For example, chromium causes topaz to form in natural pink, red, and violet. Precious topaz is a birthstone for November. Blue topaz is the gem for the 4th anniversary. Imperial topaz is the gem for the 23rd anniversary.